Bursitis is inflammation of the bursa that produces more fluid and causing swelling. Because the stock is in any joint in the body, bursitis may potentially arise anywhere in the body. Bursa is a flat pouch that contains synovial fluid, which acts as cushions to reduce the friction between bones and tendons.
There are about 150 bursae (plural of bursa) throughout the body.
The most commonly affected by bursitis are the shoulders, hips, elbows, knees, ankles, buttocks, and sometimes the thumb or toe.
Causes of Bursitis
The cause is often unknown, but bursitis can be caused by:
- Excessive use over the years
- Rheumatoid arthritis
Most susceptible to bursitis is the shoulder, part of the body can also be affected by bursitis are elbows, hips, pelvis, knees, toes, and heels.
Symptoms of Bursitis
Affected area with bursitis, you may have:
- weak muscle due to limited movement
- difficulty in raising arm (on the shoulder)
- look red and feel warm (infection or gout)
How to Diagnose Bursitis?
The diagnosis is based on symptoms and physical examination. The area around the bursa painful if touched and certain joint movement painful. If the bursa looks swollen, it could take a sample of fluid from the bursa and the fluid examined to determine the cause of the inflammation.
Treatment for Bursitis Singapore
Depends on the severity of the conditions, the Doctor may give antibiotics and anti-inflammatory medication to ease the condition. For severe bursitis, the Doctor may suggest a Corticosteroid injection which is acts as a painkiller and anti-inflammatory medication. Once the pain subsides, it is recommended to perform specific exercises to improve joint coverage.
Physical therapy is performed to restore joint function. Exercise can help strengthen muscles and joints coverage. Bursitis often recur if the cause (such as gout, rheumatoid arthritis or overuse) are not addressed